Common Airborne Diseases of 2020!

 Common Airborne Diseases of 2020!

We have to avoid COVID-19. At the same time, we also have to protect ourselves from seasonal diseases whose symptoms are similar to COVID-19.  what precautions are necessary for such a way that fear, confusion and danger do not increase due to unwanted illness.

The risk of vector-borne diseases is also high with infectious diseases in monsoon. Vector bourne i.e. the infection of the fly, mosquito and other germs, but this time the infection of COVID-19 has increased the risk. The biggest thing is that many symptoms of COVID-19 infection are found in monsoon diseases. In such a situation, it will be a challenging task to separate it from other monsoon diseases. That is why it is very important to provide proper check-up system to understand the symptoms.

Why is there more danger in monsoon?

A study said that the humidity and humid climate of the monsoon would increase the risk of the corona virus spreading. Due to the high moisture content in the atmosphere during the monsoon, the droplets from the infected person coughing and sneezing take longer to dry, which does not dry up the virus and increase the risk of the infection spreading.

Initially, it was being said that the high temperature would weaken the corona virus, but it was not seen in the case of corona virus. In this case, since the virus is new, it cannot be said with the claim that how the corona virus will spread in the monsoon. Therefore, following the precautions related to COVID-19 can also prevent the occurrence of many seasonal diseases.

Prevention of diseases is important in monsoon

Often we ignore symptoms like cold-cough, fatigue, mild fever, but all are cautious at this time. It is important to understand the minor and special symptoms of any disease. Since there is an outbreak of COVID-19 at this time, any kind of fever causes fear and confusion.

Vectors are living organisms that transmit infectious microbes from humans to humans or animals to humans. Many of these vectors are blood-sucking insects, which suck the disease-causing microbes with blood and then spread it to a healthy person by stinging. Once the vector is infected, it is capable of transmitting germs throughout its life.

Here are few common examples of airborne diseases transfer by mosquitos:-

Malaria

Malaria is a metallic disease for life. It is caused by the bite of an infected Anaphylis minimus mosquito. Infected anaphylaxis is a carrier of Plasmodium parasites. When this mosquito bites a person, he releases this parasite in his blood. This parasite develops in the liver and starts infecting the red blood cells a few days later.

General characteristics

  • Headache & High fever
  • Excessive sweating.
  • Muscle ache
  • Nausea and  Vomiting.

Special features

  • Shivering due to excessive cold
  • Severe pain in the chest and abdomen
  • Spasms in the body
  • Blood coming with stool.

Preventive measures

Anaphylaxis mosquito remains more active in the dark, so you should take all necessary measures to prevent it from dusk till dawn because till now there is no vaccine. Dressed in which the body is completely covered.

  • If any part of the body is open, apply Mosquito repellant on it.
  • Sleep in the fishery.
  • Do not allow dirty water to accumulate around your house, because mosquitoes are the most in these places thrives
  • Use air conditioner instead of opening the windows while sleeping
  • Your bathroom and toilet should be clean
  • Drink boiled and clean water.

Chikungunya

Chikungunya is a virus-transmitted disease that is transmitted by mosquitoes. Aedes alvepictus is its carrier. Symptoms of chikungunya appear within 2-7 days of a mosquito bite. So far Chikungunya has neither a vaccine nor an Anti-viral treatment. But most people do not have serious consequences for this disease.

General characteristics

  • Headache Fatigue
  • Muscle Pain
  • Skin rashes
  • Vomit

Special features

  • Sudden fever.
  • Severe pain in joints, especially knees
  • Muscle aches and fatigue

Preventive measures

  • Cover the body during the monsoon season.
  • Keep the windows and doors closed, if you want to keep the windows open, then get them forged and use double net windows.
  • If you want to go out of the house, wear full-sleeved clothes. Do not fill water in a flower pot or any other vessel during monsoon.
  • Keep changing the cooler water.
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Cold and flu

During the monsoon, the immune system becomes weak, so people easily fall prey to cold, cough and fever. Cold and flu are common infectious diseases which are mainly caused by viruses. They can be easily transmitted from an infected person to a healthy person.

Common symptoms:

  • Fever and running nose
  • Pain in muscles

Special symptoms

  • Chest tightness fever (mild to severe)
  • Sore throat.

Preventive measures

  • Keep your body warm.
  • Keep your hands clean. Avoid touching the face.
  • Keep distance from infected people.
  • Do not consume cold and stale food.
  • If soaked in rain, take a bath with clean water.

Viral fever

Viral fever can occur in any season, but its cases are more frequent in monsoon. It is caused by a virus infection. Common symptoms: Fever. Chills Fatigue and weakness Muscle aches Special symptoms: Joint pain Dizziness. Loss of appetite 0 Lack of water in the body.

Preventive measures

  • Drink boiled water.
  • Eat fresh homemade food.
  • Do not eat chopped fruits and vegetables sold out in the open.
  • Keep yourself and surroundings clean. Wash hands with soap-water well again and again.

Pneumonia

Pneumonia is a lung infection. This infection is caused by bacteria, viruses and fungus. There is swelling in one or both lungs of air sacs (alveolar). They can be filled with pus. Pneumonia caused by viruses and bacteria can spread to others by sneezing and coughing, but fungal pneumonia does not spread from one person to another.

Common Symptoms:-

  • Mucus along with cough
  • shortness of breath and Headache
  • Fever and sweating and chills
  • Muscle aches Fatigue and weakness

Special symptoms:

Chest pain, palpitations and rapid breathing. Symptoms of pneumonia vary with the cause and severity of infection, along with the health and age of a person.

For example, in the elderly, mental balance is disturbed and instead of fever, body temperature decreases.

Prevention Measures:

  • Get vaccinated.
  • Take care of cleanliness to avoid problems related to the respiratory tract caused by dirt.
  • have plenty of sleep and don’t get involved in smoking
  • Eat nutritious and balanced food.
  • Do regular exercise.

Dengue

Dengue is also called break-bone fever. It is like the flu, which is spread by viruses. Dengue fever is caused by the bite of the Aedes aegypti mosquito, which is the carrier of the virus. When this mosquito bites a healthy person with its sting in its body, it causes this virus.

General characteristics

  • Sudden high fever (more than 104 degrees)
  • headache, nausea and vomiting.
  • Muscle aches and fatigue

special features

  • Pain in the bones and joints
  • pain in the eyes
  • rashes on the skin
  • lymph nodes
  • excessive discomfort and nervousness.

Preventive measures

  • The Andes mosquito remains more active during the morning and evening hours.
  • Avoid getting out this time. Do not go to crowded places.
  • Keep the body well covered.
  • Keep the surrounding areas clean.
  • Aedes mosquito thrives in dirty and stagnant water.
  • Do not allow water to accumulate around. Keep cover of water filled in a bucket, tub or any vessel at home.
  • Clean the cooler regularly.

Facts & Figures

According to the World Health Organization, India ranks number one in the world in terms of pneumonia. Millions of children die due to this every year in the country.

According to the World Health Organization, seven million people die every year due to vector borne diseases.

Dengue is the most frequent viral infection in the world, spread by the Aedes mosquito.

India accounts for 34 percent of the total cases of dengue and 11 percent of malaria in the world.

Infection by air

Recently, the WHO said that there could be a possibility of wind of the COVID-19. Even before this, there are many diseases among us, which spread through the air. In this case, instead of being afraid, it is important to know what you can do.

Consuming infected water and accompanying parasites, insect bites or breathing in infected air can bring us into the grip of diseases. Actually, germs causing disease through these mediums i.e. parasites, bacteria, viruses etc. can enter the healthy body and can make him/her sick. Airborne diseases are considered highly contagious. Recently, the World Health Organization has changed its guidelines for COVID-19 due to the possibility of COVID-19 being airborne.

What is airborne disease?

The airborne disease is a disease which circulates through the air. When the virus or bacteria causing the disease comes in contact with an infected person through the air, then there is a risk of spreading the infection.

Airborne enzymes are considered more contagious because the germs that cause these diseases can survive for hours in the air and have the ability to spread infection. The infection is transmitted through aerosols, which have a diameter of fewer than five microns.

Respiratory droplets being 5–10 microns in size, they are unable to cover even a meter from Earth’s gravity and fall down in a matter of minutes. But when there is an infection in the air, the aerosols can travel a long distance due to being small and can remain in the air for a long time.

The infection of airborne diseases is only spread when infected person cough, sneeze, clean their nose or spit out mucus. However, what makes it more serious is that infected people can spread the infection without just coughing and sneezing, even by simply exhaling, talking, singing, laughing.

Symptoms and treatment

Some symptoms are common in airborne diseases. However, depending on the type and severity of infection, some specific symptoms are also seen. Some common symptoms are- cough, sneezing, chest tightness, runny nose, sore throat, lymphoid bloating,  headache, body pain, loss of appetite, fever. The common treatment of most airborne diseases is to relax and consume plenty of fluids. Antibiotics and anti-viral drugs are given if there is no rest. Serious cases require hospitalization.

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Airborne diseases prevention and COVID-19

In March 2020, the World Health Organization announced that COVID-19 is a respiratory infection that spreads from one person to another through droplets of body fluids, not air. These droplets or boards can be of different sizes.

Huh. But on July 6, 239 experts and researchers from 32 countries outlined the evidence found in an open letter about coronaviruses being airborne. Only after this, on July 7, the WHO announced the apprehension that the COVID-19 is airborne.

Its infection can spread within seconds. According to the report published in the journal regarding the aerodynamic research of coronaviruses, the ribonucleic acid, or RNA, of the virus was measured. It emerged the fact that aerosols contain viruses. They do not occur in well-ventilated rooms and isolation beds of infected patients, as much as in toilets, which are used by the infected.

However, experts differ on whether the COVID-19 is airborne. The US National Institute of Allergy and Effective Diseases has said that there is no sufficient evidence that it is airborne.

Strategy will have to change

Aerosols can spread infection up to 2 meters away from their source, so it is now necessary to keep a distance of six feet, especially in closed rooms. N-95 masks will be more effective than normal masks. It would be good to install air purifiers in the home, office or public toilets.

 COVID-19 airborne increases the risk of community transmission. In this case, prompt identification of suspicious cases is necessary. The availability of ambulances and ventilators has to be increased. COVID Special Hospitals will have to be arranged.

 Toilets used by people infected with COVID-19 in hospitals etc. will have to be banned from other patients. Adequate arrangements will have to be made for their sanitization.

Experts have made some changes in the guidelines in view of the possibility of the airing of COVID-19, now these things are being emphasized in addition to the earlier precautions.

  • Follow social distancing of a meter or three feet from any other person
  • Stay two meters or six feet away instead.
  • Take care of ventilation at home and offices.
  • Use handkerchief or tissue paper to cough/sneeze.
  • Wash hands with soapy water. Avoid contact with sick people.
  • Do not touch your face unnecessarily. Avoid gathering in closed rooms and places.
  • Adopt a healthy lifestyle, complete 6-8 hours sleep and have a balanced diet.
  • Drink plenty of fluids and do regular exercise.
  • Keep stress under control.

Few other airborne diseases types

In airborne diseases, some are cured with normal treatment, then vaccine is necessary for some common cold.

Common cold or cold is a common airborne disease. It is caused by many types of viruses, but the most prominent of these is the rhinovirus.

Chicken pox

Chickenpox is caused by the varicella-zoster virus. The disease develops in 21 days after exposure to it. In this case, the infection continues to reach others. Usually, this happens only once.

 Then the virus in the body remains the inactive state and very rarely it reactivates. Then a skin problem arises, which is called Shingles. Those who have shingles can spread chickenpox.

Measles

Measles is a highly contagious disease. It is caused by the Morbili virus. Morbilli viruses remain active in the air or on the surface for two hours. Symptoms begin to appear 10–12 days after infection and last for 7–10 days. It is a major cause of child deaths worldwide, but deaths have decreased after the vaccine.

Influenza

A virus infection that attacks the respiratory system, especially the nose, throat, and lungs. It is a type of flu, but it is different from the Stomach Flu, which causes diarrhoea and vomiting. Its vaccine is 100 per cent effective.

Mumps

Mumps is a virus infection that mainly affects the salivary glands. This makes the larynx swollen, it hurts when touched. The MMR vaccine is effective in mumps.

TB

This is an infectious airborne disease caused by bacteria called mycobacterium tuberculosis. However, it does not spread easily. There is a risk of spreading it to those close to an infected person. However, out of a hundred infected, only one has active TB. Weak immunities are more at risk for it.

Diphtheria

Diphtheria deaths in children have decreased due to the vaccine. Diphtheria damages the respiratory system and can damage the heart, kidneys, and pelvis. Diphtheria causes swelling of the neck.

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